Extend partition size in Linux LVM (Citrix Xen) without downtime

By: Published: Dec 30th, 2012 Category: Cloud Computing, Linux Tips, Xen

_

When you create a VM Citrix Xen Cloud Platform (using a storage on Network or on local server) you assign a specific amount of space i.e. 20 GB or 30GB but after sometime client ask for more disk space you have to reboot the server to attach or add more disk space. In this post I will explain how you can add additional disk space to a Linux Xen VM without downtime.

Note: This method work if you have created Logical Volumes at the time of OS setup.

ADD ADDITIONAL DISK SPACE

1) Login to Xen Center and search the VM in which you want to extend the space.

2) Click on VM to open its section and go to Storage tab. You will see something like below image

diskadd1 300x179 Extend partition size in Linux LVM (Citrix Xen) without downtime

Here you will see the position, name, description, size etc. of existing Disk (Virtual Disk).

3) Now click on “Add” which will show following window (Popup)

diskadd2 300x202 Extend partition size in Linux LVM (Citrix Xen) without downtime

Here, Enter the Name, description and size of Disk you want to attach. Then select the location (list all the storage volumes added in the cloud or server) on which you want to create the disk. Press Add.

4) On VM properties (under storage tab) you will able to see the newly added disk.

diskadd3 300x166 Extend partition size in Linux LVM (Citrix Xen) without downtime

CONFIGURE AND EXTEND DISK SPACE

1) Login to the server through SSH (Root User) and check Current disk space using command “df -h

diskadd5 300x49 Extend partition size in Linux LVM (Citrix Xen) without downtime

2) Execute command “fdisk -l” which will show all the current partitions on all the disks.

diskadd6 300x139 Extend partition size in Linux LVM (Citrix Xen) without downtime

It will show “Disk /dev/xvdb doesn’t contain a valid partition table” which mean the server has detected the additional disk.

3) Now initialize the PhysicalVolume using command “pvcreate

[root@centos ~]# pvcreate /dev/xvdb

 

4) Add the above initialized PhysicalVolume to existing group with “vgextend

[root@centos ~]# vgextend VolGroup00 /dev/xvdb

diskadd7 300x32 Extend partition size in Linux LVM (Citrix Xen) without downtime

 

5) Increase the size of existing Logical Volume using command “lvextend“.

[root@centos ~]# lvextend -l +100%FREE /dev/VolGroup00/LogVol00

diskadd10 300x41 Extend partition size in Linux LVM (Citrix Xen) without downtime

 

6) Final step, without this step Linux will not detect the extended partition or space. Use command ” resize2fs which will resize the file system and update kernel with extended space of logical volume.

[root@centos ~]# resize2fs /dev/mapper/VolGroup00-LogVol00

diskadd10 300x41 Extend partition size in Linux LVM (Citrix Xen) without downtime

 

Now check the disk space using “df -h” and you will able to see the increased disk space

diskadd9 300x58 Extend partition size in Linux LVM (Citrix Xen) without downtime

_

 Extend partition size in Linux LVM (Citrix Xen) without downtime

About 

Milind Koyande is a Project Manager and his job is to work with new technologies, specially Cloud Computing / Virtualization Technology. His past projects include Government Sector initiatives, Backup and Disaster Recovery Solutions.

Tags: , , ,

One Response to “Extend partition size in Linux LVM (Citrix Xen) without downtime”


  1. How to increase Swap Size on Citrix VM or any Virtual Envirnoment |
    on Mar 27th, 2012
    @ 9:28 pm

    […] add a new virtual disk to the VM. Please check “ADD ADDITIONAL DISK SPACE” section of Extend partition size in Linux LVM (Citrix Xen) without downtime. You should add the disk of exact Swap size you required, let say you need 5Gb of Swap and existing […]

Leave a Reply

Subscribe to eITWebguru

© 2012 eITWebguru. All Rights Reserved.